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A percutaneous discectomy is a minimally invasive procedure done to treat severe cases of disc herniation. The goal of this procedure is to eliminate pain by shrinking or removing the material surrounding the injured disc. As these disc fragments can cause inflammation and pain, naturally, the removal of this material leads to pain relief and less pressure on the spinal nerves.
To begin the procedure, your surgeon will insert a needle through the skin to the target area via fluoroscopic guidance. Once the needle is in place, heat waves are used to reduce disc size and remove any material pressing on other structures. The removal of this disc material will lead to reduced pressure in the vertebral column and resulting pain relief.
While non-surgical treatments at Interventional Spine & Surgery Group are often enough to treat a herniated disc, in more severe cases, a percutaneous discectomy may be more appropriate.